The Science Connecting Sauna Bathing with Reduced Stress and Anxiety

The Science Connecting Sauna Bathing with Reduced Stress and Anxiety

5 studies cited
Share This:

Once seen as a simple luxury, saunas are now linked with a multitude of health benefits, including the remarkable ability to reduce stress and anxiety. This comprehensive article sheds light on the various scientific mechanisms supporting these claims—allowing you to see saunas under a whole new light.

Are saunas the stress-busting superstars?

Nestled within the serene ambiance of a sauna is a host of physiological responses that help your body combat stress better than any superhero could. Indeed, a crucial component of this is the release of endorphins or as we fondly refer to them, our body's 'built-in happy chemicals'. Two decades ago, a study by the Finnish scientist Kauppinen unveiled that a sauna session could release endorphins to a degree similar to that of moderate to vigorous exercise, naturally elevating mood and dissolving stress [1].

What else, you ask? Well, getting cozy in a sauna warms up your body similar to exercise, causing a minor stressor. This instigates an increase in your heart rate, facilitating healthy blood flow towards essential organs and away from stress-associated areas like your adrenal glands [2].

Let's not forget about heat shock proteins (HSPs), our cellular shields against stress damage. These little heroes are generated in response to heat stress, such as in a sauna, contributing to stress alleviation [3].

Saunas: an antidote to anxiety?

You're probably thinking, "Alright, I get the de-stressing bit, but what about anxiety?" Saunas may help alleviate anxiety by manipulating not just physical, but also mental states. The warmth of a sauna triggers a phenomenon called 'thermogenic euphoria'. This state, just as it sounds, carries a sense of well-being, optimism, and tranquility [4].

Decoding sauna’s anxiety-busting biological pathways

There are several impressive ways sauna bathing tackles stress and anxiety:

  1. Endocrine System: A bath in a sauna triggers your endocrine system, prompting a decrease in the stress hormone cortisol and an increase in endorphins (good-vibes-generating hormones) [1].
  2. Cardiovascular System: As your cardiovascular system warms up to the sauna, it diverts blood away from stress-associated adrenal glands, relieving the demand on them and reducing the stress hormones they churn out [2].
  3. Nervous System: The soothing warmth and relaxation of a sauna encourages the release of dopamine and serotonin—our body's mood stabilizers, helping reduce anxiety [5].

A final word: saunas - the relaxation rendezvous

Sauna bathing is more than just an indulgence; it's a nurturing wellness practice that can help manage stress and anxiety by kick-starting various beneficial physical responses. Of course, results may vary from individual to individual, and pre-existing health conditions may play a role. Therefore, it's always a smart move to consult with your healthcare provider before diving into a regular sauna routine.


[1] Kauppinen, K. (1989). Sauna, shower, and ice water immersion. Physiological responses to brief exposures to heat, cool, and cold. Part II. Circulation. Arctic medical research, 48(2), 64-74.

[2] Leppäluoto, J. (1986). Human thermoregulation in sauna. Annals of clinical research, 18, 219-226.

[3] Noble, E. G., & Milne, K. J. (2012). Heat shock proteins and exercise: A primer. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 33(5), 1050–1065.

[4] Huttunen, P., Kokko, L., & Ylijukuri, V. (2004). Winter swimming improves general well-being. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 63(2), 140–144.

[5] Kukkonen-Harjula, K., & Kauppinen, K. (2007). Health effects and risks of sauna bathing. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 65(3), 195–205.

Back to blog
* Disclaimer: The information provided on our blog, including this article, is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice or mistaken for guidance from a certified electrician. By reading this blog post, you agree that the author is not a doctor or an electrician and that you will not hold the author liable for any damages or injuries resulting from your use of a sauna. If you have any questions or concerns about sauna usage, please consult with your doctor and/or electrician before using a sauna.